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by Wendi E. M. Scarth

 

Out Of Bounds 
Paint Shop Pro

 

Paint Shop Pro Tutorials by Wendi E. M. Scarth.
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Out Of Bounds PSP


3D Out Of Bounds Picture Framing Using A Layer Mask Or The Eraser Tool
Advanced - Weekend MasterClass Tutorial
Written For Paint Shop Pro 7 8 9 X XI X2 X3 X4 X5 X6 X7 X8 X9 Photo (Ultimate)

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Manage The Workspace
X8 & X9x9
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This tutorial demonstrates how to create a 3D Out Of Bounds Frame using The Eraser Tool and a Layer Mask - (or just the Eraser Tool). To work along, you are welcome to utilise the Swan Photograph and the Water Drops And Soap Bubbles. To work along, you are welcome to download the Start Images I am working with HereUnzip the file and open the Start Images onto Paint Shop Pro’s workspace.

Out Of Bounds Notes
There are various ways of creating Out Of Bounds artwork that range from arranging
extracted objects (Picture Tubes and a Picture Frame), into an
Out Of Bounds Collage: to a slightly more complicated Masking technique: however, bear in mind, neither of these methods offer a quick one-step fix. When producing this type of artwork, your main concern is finding the right photograph, and whether it is suitable for this type of conversion. You are looking to create the illusion that part of the main subject, (for example, an aeroplane, car, or an animal), appears to pop-out of a picture frame. Bear in mind, if you select a
long-haired animal or a complex object as your pop-out subject, your Masking task will be more time-consuming, and as a result, your Out Of Bounds artwork will be harder to create. With this in mind, experiment with different photographs and discover for yourself which one works best for you, your time-limit and your level of expertise. For precision, I am demonstrating this effect using both the Eraser Tool and a Layer Mask: however, exactly the same result can be achieved using just the Eraser Tool.

Inspiration Tip
To view other peoples’ Out Of Bounds ideas, and to find inspiration, (if needed), type in Out Of Bounds into a search engine, then click Images.

Understand Layers
Understand Masking
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1/
Open your choice of Start Image onto Paint Shop Pro’s workspace.

Tip
Double-left-click your image’s upper menu bar to enlarge its workspace. In addition, if you have a Scroll Mouse, you can resize your image using the mouse’s Central Roller.

X2 Photo's Graphite Workspace Example


2/
Now, promote the Background Layer to an editable Layer by double-left-clicking it, then replying OK to the subsequent Promote Layer/Layer Properties dialogue box. 
Then right-click the promoted Layer (Raster/Layer 1), and from the subsequent
drop-down list, choose Duplicate. Now, create a New Raster Layer (Layers, then New Raster Layer); and name it Frame, then click OK. Then drag it to the top of the Layers Stack. Then create a second New Raster Layer, this time naming it Background, and drag it to the bottom of the Layers Stack

Important
Activate the Frame Layer

Your Layers Palette should now resemble the following, and you are ready for the next step.

      PSP 7 Example PSP X2 Photo Example

3/
Now, set the Foreground Swatch to Null. Then set the Background Swatch to Solid White.

(Alternatively, set the Background Swatch to a Solid Colour you want your Frame to be).

                                          

On-line Tools Toolbar Tutorials
Paint Shop Pro 7: On-line Toolbar Tutorial
Paint Shop Pro 8 & 9: On-line Toolbar Tutorial
Paint Shop Pro X XI X2 X3: On-line Toolbar Tutorial
PaintShop Pro X4/X5/X6/X7/X8/X9: On-line Toolbar Tutorial

4/
Then from the Toolbar, activate the Preset Shape Tool

             PSP7  PSP 8  PSP 9 PSP X +

And choosing the Rectangle Preset Shape, set the following attributes into the Tool Options Palette or Bar.

Paint Shop Pro 7



Paint Shop Pro 8 9 X XI X2 X3 X4 X5 X6 X7 X8 X9



Now, (still working on the Frame Layer), drag out a (white) rectangle over your
photograph.

Frame Note
The subsequent White Frame will be repositioned, resized and deformed later: therefore, at this stage, its position and size are not vital.



5/
From the top menu, choose Selections then choose Select All. Then choose Selections then choose Float. This isolates the White Rectangle with a Selection Marquee. 



6/
Again, from the top menu, choose Selections then choose Modify then choose Contract. Now, if you are utilising the Swan Photograph, set the Number of Pixels to 30 Pixels then click OK. (Bear in mind, deforming the White Frame later, will reduce its width). Alternatively, set a Number of Pixels value to the width you would like your White Frame to be. Otherwise, choose a Number of Pixels value that better suits your photograph’s Resolution





7/
Now, from the top menu, choose Edit then choose Clear. (Alternatively, tap your Delete Key).  Then from the top menu, choose Selections then choose Select None: Ctrl then D.



8/ Perspectively Warp The White Frame
(Still working on the Frame Layer): from the left-side Tools Toolbar, Paint Shop Pro 7 8 9 - activate the Deform/Deformation Tool . Or press your D key.



Paint Shop Pro X XI X2 X3 X4 X5 X6 X7 X8 X9, activate the Pick Tool .

Or press your K key.

After clicking your Deform/Deformation/Pick Tool, your White Frame will be surrounded by a large Vector Deformation Bounding Box.

Paint Shop Pro 8 9 X XI X2 X3 X4 X5 X6 X7 X8 X9 Photo 
From the Tool Options Ribbon - change the Mode to Free.



Paint Shop Pro 7
As you resize the Deformation Bounding Box; (at the same time) press and keep pressed both the Shift + Ctrl Keys: this changes your Mode to Free.

All Paint Shop Pro Versions
Now, gently warp the White Frame into your desired shape by (one at a time) gently tugging the tiny Deformation Handles that are attached to the large Deformation Bounding Box - as illustrated below.  Once you have warped your White Frame it can be resized in exactly the same way. However, when resizing the Frame, remember to change the Mode to Scale. Paint Shop Pro 7, to change the Mode to Scale, press your Keyboard’s Alt Key, as you use the Deformation Tool.

Deformation/Deform/Pick Tools: PDFs
Please refer to my comprehensive Transformation
(Beginner PDFs) PDFs to learn how to utilise Paint Shop Pro’s Deformation Tools. 

Toolbar Paint Shop Pro 7
Toolbar Paint Shop Pro 8 & 9
Toolbar PaintShop Pro X XI X2 X3 X4 X5 X6 X7 X8 X9 (Ultimate)



Undo Tip (Ctrl Then Z)
You can quickly revert your image back a step or two by clicking the top menu’s Undo Arrow.





Tip - All Versions
Nudge the Deformation Bounding Box into position pixel-by-pixel by tapping your Keyboard’s Arrow Keys.



Paint Shop Pro 7 only: press and keep pressed your Ctrl Key, then simultaneously tap the Deformation Bounding Box into position using the Arrow Keys.





Mover/Move Tool Tips
You can disable the Deformation Bounding Box by activating the Mover/Move Tool.

 


In addition, you can drag the White Frame to its final position (over/beneath the swan), using the Mover/Move Tool.

Lesson Continued
After you have Resized, Repositioned and Transformed the White Frame to your personal preference, and have moved it to its final position, you are ready for the next step.

Saving Tip
Now is a good time to preserve the Layers by saving your work as a Paint Shop Pro File.



9/ Erase Part Of The White Frame
Now, from the Toolbar, activate the Eraser Tool.

                          

And enter the following Hard, Round Brush settings into the Tool Options Palette or
Ribbon.

Paint Shop Pro 7



Paint Shop Pro 8 9 X XI X2 X3 X4 X5 X6 X7 X8 X9



Tip
For precision, Zoom Into your frame .

Now, (still working on the Frame Layer): erase part of the White Frame, so the swan appears to be in front of (or on top of) it - as illustrated below. Then return your image to is original size.
 


After you have removed part of the White Frame, and are happy with your work so far, you are ready for the next step of creating a Layer Mask.



10/
It is time to remove all pixels surrounding the White Frame and the Extruding Swan. Therefore, activate the Copy of Layer/Raster1 Layer. Then hide the Visibility of the original Layer (Layer/Raster1) by left-clicking over the eye/spectacles icon to remove it (the eye/spectacles icon) - as illustrated below.

     

Important
You must keep the Copy of Layer/Raster 1 Layer active - as illustrated above.

Paint Masks Using The Paint Brush Tool
Masks are stored in Alpha Channels; and Mask Channels are Greyscale Raster images - as such, they can be edited like any other image. Areas painted with Solid Black are protected from changes, and are not editable, and areas painted Solid White are editable. 
Additionally, Masks contain pixels that can display 254 Shades Of Grey - (256 including Solid White and Solid Black); therefore, for varied opacity - apply shades of grey (as opposed to Solid Black or Solid White); this fades - or blends your images. The levels of grey correspond to levels of Opacity, or Masking.  Solid White pixels show underlying Layers; Solid Black pixels hide underlying Layers; and Grey pixels show varying amounts of underlying Layers - the darker the grey, the more the underlying pixels are Masked,
(hidden).

11/ Lesson Continued: Add A Layer Mask
Now, to add a New Mask Layer, (Paint Shop Pro X XI X2 X3 X4 X5 X6 X7 X8 X9 Photo), from the Layers Palette; left-click the following tiny black triangle, then click New Mask Layer then click Show All - and your Layers Palette will display the Mask Layer as follows. (Alternatively, from the top menu, choose Layers then choose New Mask Layer then choose Show All).

           

Paint Shop Pro 7
From the top menu, choose Masks then choose New then choose Show All.  Then from the top menu, choose Masks and this time choose Edit.



Layer Masks Tip - All Versions
When working with Layer Masks, remember: Solid Black paints away pixels, and Solid White paints them back.

Eraser Tool - Alternative To Masking - All Versions
If you prefer, as an alternative to Masking; you can remove the remaining photographic pixels using the Eraser Tool. If you are choosing to remove the pixels around the outside of the frame (and around the extruding swan) using the Eraser Tool, although you won’t be creating a Layer Mask: you do still need to hide the Visibility of Layer 1, and work on the Copy of Raster/Layer 1 Layer.

12/ All Versions - Masking
Set the Colour/Materials Palette’s Foreground Swatch to Solid Black, and set the Background Swatch to Solid White

                                    

13/ Activate The Brush Tool
Then from the left-side Tools Toolbar, activate the Paint Brush Tool.

                                      

And enter the following Soft Round Brush attributes into the Tool Options Palette or Ribbon. Note: The Brush Size is dependant on the image you are working with and the amount of Zoom you have chosen.

Paint Shop Pro 7

                          

Paint Shop Pro 8 9 X XI X2 X3 X4 X5 X6 X7 X8 X9
 




Brush Notes
When applying your Brush; repeatedly left-clicking will intensify the effect; subsequently removing - or applying a greater depth of pixels. This type of blending works best when the effect is built up, slowly.

Brush Application Tip
When working close to your subject, repeatedly left-clicking to release the mouse button enables faster corrections.

Remember! Solid Black removes pixels, and Solid White brings them back.

Now you have loaded your Brush you are ready to paint with Solid Black. Therefore, ensuring the Foreground Colour is still Solid Black, and the Background is still Solid White, (and you are working on the Mask Layer), repeatedly left-click to paint away the area outside the White Frame: being careful to avoid the swan, and being very careful not to transcend inside the White Frame. In addition, (when working close to the swan’s head and neck area), you will find it helpful to exchange the Hard Brush for a Medium-to-Soft Brush.

Tip
To avoid removing photographic pixels inside the White Frame, ensure the Paint Brush cursor does not transcend over the White Frame. Although the Brush can touch the Frame, as illustrated below - it mustn’t go beyond (inside) it .

Don’t worry if you remove pixels in error: should this happen, simply swap the Foreground and Background Swatches by clicking the Colour/Material Palette’s Swap Colours Arrow: and paint with Solid White to paint them back again.





When removing pixels that are close to the upper area of the swan (the area outside of the White Frame), remember to Zoom Into your image.

Because this is the most difficult area to mask, it is important to take your time.

Note
When Zooming in, bear in mind, you will need to reduce the Brush Size according to the amount of Zoom.

Tips
You may find the Masking easier if you first remove the outside pixels using a Hard Round Paint Brush. Then before removing pixels close to the swan, reducing the Brush’s Opacity, or selecting a Soft Brush. Don’t worry if you remove swan pixels, thanks to the Layer Mask, (prior to Merging the Layers) you can paint them back at any time by painting over them with a Solid White Brush. 



Now, Zoom into your image, and taking your time - slowly remove the pixels close to the swan. If you make a mistake, swap the Foreground and Background Swatches, and paint with Solid White to paint swan pixels back again. Alternatively, you can quickly revert your image to a previous state using the top menu’s Undo Arrow .
 
Preview Image Tip
To see how your Masking is progressing: from the top menu, choose File then choose Export then choose Jpeg Optimiser. Now, navigate around the right-side Preview Pane, and when you have finished previewing your work, click Cancel to close the Jpeg Optimiser box.
     


After you have completed your Masking, and returned your image to its original size, you are ready for the next step.



14/ Fill The Background Layer - Optional
Now, activate the Background Layer.



15/
Then from the left-side Tools Toolbar, activate the Flood Fill Tool.

                             

And enter the following settings into the Tool Options Palette or Ribbon.

Paint Shop Pro 7



Paint Shop Pro 8 9 X XI X2 X3 X4 X5 X6 X7 X8 X9



Now, setting the Colour/Materials Palette’s Foreground Swatch to your choice of Solid Colour, Pattern or Gradient, left-click to fill the Transparent Background Layer with your choice of fill. Alternatively, leave the Background Layer Transparent.



Fill Tip
Filling the Background Layer with a similar colour to your swan’s original background colour will minimise any Masking imperfections.



Masking Note
Depending on the Fill-colour you have chosen, any Masking imperfections will now be clear. If you notice you have missed areas, or you see an unsightly halo around the swan, activate the Mask Thumbnail, and repair them now, using the Brush Tool

Solid Black-fill Tip
Filling the Background Layer with Solid Black - (or with a colour that contrasts with your
photograph), will show imperfections or halos which can then be repaired using the Layer Mask. Once you have finished with the black-fill, you can then refill the Layer with your final fill choice - (or Delete the Layer altogether - right-click the Layer then choose Delete).



When you are completely happy with your final Masking (or Eraser Tool) result, you are ready for the next step.

Tip
Prior to Merging your Layers, they can be preserved (and edited at a later date), by saving your work as a Paint Shop Pro File.

16/ Merging The Layers
Now, to protect it from being merged, hide the Visibility of the Background Layer, as illustrated below. And ensure the Group/Copy of Layer 1 Layer remains active.

 

17/
Then from the top menu, choose Layers then choose Merge then choose Merge Visible.

 

18/
From the top menu, choose Effects then choose 3D Effects then choose Drop Shadow. From the subsequent dialogue box, enter the Drop Shadow settings of your choice, then click OK. Alternatively, apply a Perspective Shadow of your choice, or an Eyecandy Drop/Perspective Shadow. (Click OK to the Auto Actions box, if you see it).

 


Note
Remember to click back the Background Layer’s Visibility.


 


Tip
If necessary, centralise your image using the Mover/Move Tool.

19/ Final Smoothing/Softening
To smooth the edges of the swan; Paint Shop Pro 7, activate the Retouch Tool.



And set the following Soften attributes into the Tool Options Palette.



Paint Shop Pro 8 9 X XI X2 X3 X4 X5 X6 X7 X8 X9 Photo, activate the Soften Tool.



And enter the following attributes into the Tool Options Ribbon.



Then left-click, and slowly blend the swan’s edges; lowering the Opacity and Hardness, if necessary.

Page Curl Tip
To create a greater 3D illusion: first activate the Merged Layer. Then apply a Page Curl Filter to it. (Effects then Image Effects then Page Curl).

      

20/
Congratulations, your Out Of Bounds Framing effect is complete
and is ready to save
To finish, open the Water Drops and Soap Bubbles Paint Shop Pro Files included with this tutorial: and Copy and Paste them onto your Out Of Bounds Frame: then reposition them using the Mover/Move Tool. Remember to Perspectively Deform the water drops, so they follow the frame’s perspective;- and for extra clarity, apply a Sharpening Filter to the Water Drops - Effects/Adjust then Sharpen/Sharpness.

Tip
If you have Eyecandy Impact Nature, you can can apply instant Water Drops to your work.

Wendi E M Scarth.

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